Fair Value Measurement
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2022
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurement||Fair Value Measurement
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received upon the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. Valuation techniques used to measure fair value maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. The fair value hierarchy defines a three-level valuation hierarchy for classification and disclosure of fair value measurements as follows:
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2 – Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 – Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
There has been no movement between Level 1 and Level 2 or between Level 2 and Level 3 from December 31, 2021 to June 30, 2022. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
Debt Derivative Liabilities
The Debt Derivative Liabilities are measured using a ‘with and without’ valuation model to compare the fair value of the Company's financing agreement with Oberland Capital including the identified embedded derivative features and the fair value of a plain vanilla note with the same terms. The fair value of the Oberland Facility including the embedded derivative features was determined using a probability-weighted expected return model based on four potential settlement scenarios for the Oberland Facility due to (a) a 5% probability of a mandatory prepayment event of the Oberland Facility on December 31, 2023; (b) a 15% probability of a mandatory prepayment event of the Oberland Facility on March 31, 2026; (c) a 5% probability of the prepayment of the Oberland Facility at the Company’s option on December 31, 2025; and (d) a 75% probability that the Oberland Facility will be held to its scheduled maturity dates in accordance with the terms of the debt agreement. The estimated settlement value of each scenario, which would include any required make-whole payment, is then discounted to present value
using a discount rate that is derived based on the initial terms of the Oberland Facility at issuance and corroborated utilizing a synthetic credit rating analysis.
The significant inputs that are included in the valuation of the Debt derivative liability - first tranche include:
(1)Represents a significant unobservable input
The significant inputs that are included in the valuation of the Debt derivative liability - second tranche include:
(1)Represents a significant unobservable input
The following table presents the financial assets and liabilities that the Company measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2022, classified in accordance with the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):
The following table presents the financial assets and liabilities that the Company measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2021, classified in accordance with the fair value hierarchy (in thousands):
The changes in Level 3 liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, were as follows (in thousands):
The changes in Level 3 liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, were as follows (in thousands):
The fair value of cash, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximates the carrying values because of the short-term nature of these instruments. The Oberland Facility is classified as Level 3 within the fair value hierarchy. The carrying value and estimated fair value of the Oberland Facility were $45,263 and $47,759 at June 30, 2022, and $45,325 and $52,605 at December 31, 2021, respectively. See "Note 8 - Long-Term Debt, Net of Debt Discount and Financing Fees."
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef