Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2020
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which replaces the incurred loss methodology with an expected loss methodology that is referred to as the current expected credit loss (CECL) methodology. The CECL model utilizes a lifetime expected credit loss measurement objective for the recognition of credit losses for loans and other receivables at the time the financial asset is originated or acquired. The expected credit losses are adjusted each period for changes in expected lifetime credit losses. This model replaces the multiple existing impairment models previously used under U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, which generally require that a loss be incurred before it is recognized. The new standard also applies to financial assets arising from revenue transactions such as contract assets and accounts receivables. The adoption did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Credit losses for trade receivables is determined based on historical information, current information and reasonable and supportable forecasts. We have concluded that the adoption of the standard was not material as the composition of the trade receivables at the reporting date is consistent with that used in developing the historical credit-loss percentages.
Further, the risk characteristics of the Company’s customer and composition of the portfolio have not changed significantly over time.
Fair Value Measurements
On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurements (Topic 820) Disclosure Framework-Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2018-13 changes the fair value measurement disclosure requirements of ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurement” by adding, eliminating, and modifying certain disclosure requirements. The adoption of ASU 2018-13 did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Cloud Based Arrangements
On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASU No. 2018-15, Guidance on Cloud Computing Arrangements. ASU 2018-15 provides guidance on implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement (“CCA”) that is a service contract and aligns the accounting for such costs with the guidance on capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. More specifically, the ASU 2018-15 provides guidance on accounting for implementation, set-up and other upfront costs incurred in a CCA hosted by a vendor. As of January 1, 2020, this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Reference Rate Reform
On March 12, 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (ASC 848). The ASU also establishes (1) a general contract modification principle that entities can apply in other areas that may be affected by reference rate reform and (2) certain elective hedge accounting expedients. The elective contract modification guidance in the ASU applies to “contracts or other transactions that reference [LIBOR] or a reference rate that is expected to be discontinued as a result of reference rate reform” (an “affected rate”). The optional amendments are effective for all entities as of March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2020. As of June 30, 2020, this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
Company analyzes all financial instruments with features under ASC 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity” and ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging”. The Company records liability classified equity contracts at fair value at the issuance and recorded as a liability. The Company also reviews debt agreements for embedded features. If these features are not clearly and closely related to the debt host, they meet the definition of a derivative and require bifurcation from the host. All derivative instruments are recorded on the balance sheet at their respective fair values. The Company will adjust the carrying value of the derivative liability to fair value at each subsequent reporting date. The changes in the value of the derivatives are recorded in the consolidated statement of operations in the period in which they occur.
The Company enters into contracts to sell and distribute products and services to hospitals and surgical facilities for use in caring for patients with peripheral nerve damage or transection. Revenue is recognized when the Company has met its performance obligations pursuant to its contracts with its customers in an amount that the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for the transfer of control of the products and services to the Company’s customers.
In the case of products or services sold to a customer under an international distribution or purchase agreement, the distributors are granted exclusive distribution rights to sell the products or services in an international territory defined by the contract. These international distributor agreements contain provisions that allow the Company to terminate the distribution agreement with the distributor, and upon termination, the right to repurchase inventory from the distributor at the distributor’s cost. The Company has determined that its contractual rights to repurchase international distributor inventory upon termination of such distributor agreement are not substantive and do not impact the timing of when control transfers; and, therefore, the Company has determined it is appropriate to recognize revenue when: i) the product is shipped
via common carrier; or ii) the product is delivered to the customer or distributor, depending on the terms of the agreement. Determining the timing of revenue recognition for such contracts is subject to significant judgment, because an evaluation must be made regarding the international distributor’s ability to direct the use of, and obtain substantially all of the remaining benefits from, the implants received from the Company. Changes in these assessments could have a significant impact on the timing of revenue recognition from sales to distributors.
A portion of the Company's product revenue is generated from consigned inventory maintained at hospitals and domestic independent sales agencies, and also from inventory physically held by field sales representatives. For these types of product sales, the Company retains control until the product has been used or implanted, at which time revenue is recognized.
The Company elected to account for shipping and handling activities as a fulfillment cost rather than a separate performance obligation. Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling are included as part of the transaction price and recognized as revenue when control of the underlying products is transferred to the customer. The related shipping and freight charges incurred by the Company are included in the cost of sales.
The Company operates in a single reportable segment of peripheral nerve repair, offers similar products to its customers, and enters into consistently structured arrangements with similar types of customers. As such, the Company does not disaggregate revenue from contracts with customers as the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows does not materially differ within and among the contracts with customers.
The contract with the customer states the final terms of the sale, including the description, quantity, and price of each implant distributed. The payment terms and conditions in the Company’s contracts vary; however, as a common business practice, payment terms are typically due in full within 30 to 60 days of delivery. Since the customer agrees to a stated price in the contract that does not vary over the contract term, the contracts do not contain any material types of variable consideration, and contractual rights of return are not material. The Company has several contracts with distributors in international markets which include consideration paid to the customer in exchange for distinct marketing and other services. The Company records such consideration paid to the customer as a reduction to revenue from the contracts with those distributor customers.
In connection with the Acroval® Neurosensory and Motor Testing System, a product previously offered by the Company, the Company sold extended warranty and service packages to certain customers, and the prepayment of these extended warranties represent contract liabilities until the performance obligations are satisfied ratably over the term of the contract. The sale of the aforementioned extended warranty represents the only performance obligation the Company satisfies over time and creates the contract liability disclosed below.
The opening and closing balances of the Company’s contract receivables and liabilities are as follows:
Loss Per Share of Common Stock
Basic and diluted net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Since the Company has experienced net losses for all periods presented, options and awards of 2,459,220 and 1,712,834 shares which were outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, were not included in the computation of diluted net loss per share because they are anti-dilutive.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef